People act violently when they think God sanctions violence, thinks Brad Bushman, a social psychologist from U. of Michigan. Heidi Ledford wrote in Nature1 that he and others like Hector Avalos (Iowa State) propose editing Scripture. “Avalos has proposed a radical solution to theologically inspired violence � cut the violent passages out of the scripture.” He says this is not a “wildly controversial idea” because churches are already selective about what they preach.1Heidi Ledford, “Scriptural violence can foster aggression,” Nature 446, 114-115 (8 March 2007) | doi:10.1038/446114b.What business is this of Nature? Clean your own house, Darwinians. Thou shalt not alter a word of Scripture till thou purge Darwin’s writings of the racism that led to the largest and most pernicious genocides of all time.* Purge, also, the writings of his cousin Galton on eugenics, and the writings of all the other Darwin disciples who saw violence as a good thing – the agent of evolutionary progress. 148 million people perished in the last 100 years due to Darwin-inspired regimes. Multiple millions more who survived suffered other forms of violence, torture and deprivation. When you are done with that little exercise, then purge the Quran of its violent passages. How convenient to attack the Scriptures of Christians who believe in praying for one’s enemies, while ignoring the 1.5 billion people subscribing to a “religion of peace” that believes in blowing up buses and shopping malls in the name of the moon god so that brainwashed young men can fulfill their fantasies of eternal sex. Then, Darwin Party, write a term paper on the hospitals and charities and improvements to education and government founded by Christians. These are prerequisites before starting any conversation about the interpretation of the violent passages in Scripture, which have been duly discussed in context by Jewish and Christian theologians for millennia. OK, atheists, got any virtues you would like to brag about? Besides hypocrisy, that is. How about a little altruism? (01/21/2006, 03/16/2005).(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Physics and astronomy are usually thought of as the “hard” sciences, where empiricism is king. Read the following excerpts from a story on the BBC News science page with that in mind (suggestion: replace “dark matter” with “mysterious unknown stuff”).The first stars to appear in the Universe may have been powered by dark matter, according to US scientists…. when the Universe was still young, there would have been abundant dark matter, made of particles called Wimps: Weakly Interacting Massive Particles. These would have fused together and obliterated each other long before nuclear fusion had the chance to start. As a result, the first stars would have looked quite different from the ones we see today, and they may have changed the course of the Universe’s evolution – or at least held it up. The theory, published in the journal Physical Review Letters, depends on particles that astronomers can’t see, but are certain exist, and physicists have never detected. But the indirect evidence for their existence is overwhelming.Let’s take stock so far. Some kind of mysterious unknown stuff has never been detected, but it determined the fate of the universe and all that it contains. The mysterious unknown stuff, remember, has never been detected, but it has a name: Wimps. Even though never detected, scientists are certain there was a lot of the mysterious unknown stuff at the beginning, colliding, fusing and obliterating itself, and forming the first stars, which would have looked quite different from the stars we see, even though they have never been detected, either. Now to the indirect evidence that is overwhelming. The article continues:“Dark matter particles make up more than three-quarters of the mass of the Universe,” says theoretical physicist Katherine Freese from the University of Michigan. “In fact, billions of them are passing through each of us every second.” In the early Universe, there would have been even more.It seems that this indirect evidence for the mysterious unknown stuff that has never been detected is an artifact of a popular current theory that postulates its existence (06/20/2003, esp. bullet 5). Our problem is that we cannot detect the billions of Wimps that MUST (Mysterious Unknown STuff) be passing through our bodies every second. So let’s turn our most powerful space telescope to the edge of the universe, and learn if it sees what MUST be there:The nature of the first stars has long puzzled astronomers. Immediately after the Big Bang, the Universe expanded and cooled, so that for millions of years it was filled with dark, featureless hydrogen and helium – and perhaps Wimps. Astronomers can see that there were normal stars 700 million years after the Big Bang – the Hubble Telescope looking to the edges of the Universe, which is like looking back billions of years in time, can see whole galaxies of them.So far, we have only observed KS (Known Stuff), not Mysterious Unknown STuff. The article gets even stranger. Scientists have figured out what MUST have occurred: to get from darkness to light, it MUST have pulled the universe together, causing it to “change course” on a path to stars, planets and life. Stranger still, the old story about mysterious unknown stuff has been replaced by a new one creating exotic new structures out of exotic unknown ingredients:It had been thought the hydrogen brought together by these dark matter haloes would collapse to make the first small stars, and would start to make inside themselves the first new elements – carbon, oxygen, silicon and other materials needed by planets and life. But the new paper says reactions between the Wimps, colliding and annihilating each other, would have generated enough heat to keep the protostars inflated – like hot air balloons. And as more Wimps rained down on them the heating would have kept going.Naturally, “The details of what the stars would have looked like have yet to be worked out,” since they cannot be observed. A good deal of effort and money is being expended to try to create some linkage between theory and observation. For instance, Science Daily described sophisticated new dark matter detectors being readied by Fermilab. One experiment described in another article on Science Daily failed to detect Wimps, the leading candidate for the mysterious unknown stuff. Astronomers have been looking for it for years (07/23/2007) but recently, the race to be first to detect it is picking up steam. Maybe the new Large Hadron Collider coming online this fall at CERN will help discover the mysterious unknown stuff that makes up the universe and determines its fate.One would almost think we are back in the dark ages, listening to wizards peep and mutter about mysterious vapors and essences and emanations that control our fate. They haven’t found Wimps yet but are already talking about Super-Wimps (07/02/2003). If the intellectually-wimpy believers in Wimpy dark matter don’t find it soon, or if new theories gain ground that don’t need it, these searchers are going to look very silly for having said 80% of reality consisted of superfluous nonexistent stuff. One would think they would look silly; actually, they will probably relish the Progress Of SciencE (POSE). Ever since Charlie welcomed fantasy into science, all branches of modern investigation have loosened the restrictions on empiricism. Now, it is quite fashionable to postulate mysterious unknown stuff if it MUST keep your materialistic story going. Geology set the stage before Darwin by envisioning vast ages of unobservable prehistory. Psychology imported mysterious unknown stuff like the Unconscious, the Id, the Ego and Superego, and Archetypes. Political Science imported it in the form of Utopian visions that would be realized by the Class Struggle and the Dictatorship of the Proletariat over the Bourgeoisie and the mysterious Kulaks (you could be one yourself). Physical Chemistry imported Charmed Quarks and other exotic things that are almost indistinguishable from the theories that require them. And evolutionary biology is loaded with mysterious unknown stuff: mystical “selection forces” that cause wondrous organs and complex structures to “emerge” and “arise” and “appear” shedding light on modern man’s dark understanding. In fact, much of the heritage of Charles Darwin is a vision of getting Known Stuff from Mysterious Unknown Stuff by a long, gradual, unobservable process called Emergence. If this all sounds like some ancient mystery religion, you got it. Mysterious Unknown STuff, also known as snake oil, is rampant in science these days. We’re long past the modern science era. Now we are living in the era of what Francis Schaeffer called “modern modern science” – a fantasy cosmos of self-actualizing miracles. Anything goes – except a miracle Worker.(Visited 25 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
zoomIllustration; Source: Pixabay under CC0 Creative Commons license Shipping heavyweights have proven yet another time their fierceness in the fight to preserve liquidity with several major deals being announced today totaling in over USD 1.4 billion.Owner and operator of LNG carriers Dynagas LNG Partners said that it has sealed a syndicated USD 675 million senior secured term loan. The facility will be secured by first priority mortgages on the six LNG carriers in the partnership’s fleet.The loan will be utilized to repay the company’s existing indebtedness, consisting of outstanding USD 470 million Senior Secured Term Loan B and the USD 250 million aggregate principal amount under the Partnership’s 6.25% senior unsecured notes upon its maturity date of 30th of October 2019.The facility is repayable over five years in 20 consecutive quarterly payments and Dynagas LNG Partners expects the financing to close before the end of September.Tony Lauritzen, CEO of Dynagas LNG Partners, said that the credit facility provides the partnership with reduced cost of debt relative to the existing one and a simplified debt structure “with a clear and viable path towards deleveraging through a significant increase in debt amortization.”“As a result of this global refinancing and broader strategic realignment, the partnership is better positioned for future growth initiatives as global LNG markets continue their robust development,” Lauritzen added.The announcement comes as Global Ship Lease reveals a new syndicated USD 268 million senior secured credit facility with major commercial lenders including Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank, ABN AMRO Bank N.V, CIT Bank NA, Hellenic Bank Public Company Limited and Siemens Financial Services Inc.GSL expects to draw down the first tranche of the loan, in full, of USD 230 million shortly and will use the proceeds to refinance five existing senior credit facilities with maturities in December 2020 and April 2021, thereby reducing its cost of debt, extending maturities, and simplifying its debt structure. As a result, three 2000-built 6,000 TEU ships will become unencumbered.The second tranche of up to USD 38 million, is available until May 2020 to facilitate further refinancing. The final maturity date of the new loan is expected to be September 2024, five years after drawdown.GSL said that it has refinanced all of the existing indebtedness under its junior facility in the amount of USD 38.5 million, with the only change being to extend its maturity from September 2023 to September 2024, consistent with the maturity date of the new loan.George Youroukos, Chairman of Global Ship Lease, believes this to be a significant improvement to the company’s capital structure.“With charter rates improving across the vessel classes represented by our fleet, we have successfully extended and expanded our charter backlog and, as previously announced, have agreed to purchase three vessels, two of which have now been delivered, with the third scheduled to deliver at the end of the month, in a highly attractive, opportunistic acquisition,” he added.“By successfully executing this refinancing, we are delivering upon our stated goals of reducing our cost of debt, significantly extending maturities of most of our 2020 debt until September 2024, and enhancing our financial flexibility by releasing collateral. While an important step in its own right, this refinancing also provides us with long-term certainty for further enhancements to our capital structure,” Ian Webber, Chief Executive Officer of Global Ship Lease, said.Finally, as World Maritime News reported earlier today, boxship operator Seaspan sealed today a USD 500 million financing deal, bringing its financing program to USD 1.5 billion.The company plans to use the net proceeds to repay five secured credit facilities, as well as for future vessel acquisitions.