Month: August 2019

Ball catching robot 80 accuracy in 5 milliseconds w videoBall catching robot 80 accuracy in 5 milliseconds w video

first_img(PhysOrg.com) — DLR, an aerospace agency based in German, has modified its flagship robot, known as the Rollin’ Justin, in order to make it into a lean, mean, catching machine. The Rollin’ Justin’s modifications allow the machine to catch balls that are thrown in its direction with an accuracy rate of about 80%. The Rollin’ Justin’s robots accuracy rating is better than the average uncoordinated human. It is certainly better than this reporters accuracy rate. It is not as good as say, a Major League Baseball player, but then again most of us cannot say that we are as good as the pros either. Considering they also have near unlimited stamina, at least until the battery runs out, it may be a great partner for the standard game of catch, or for the position behind the batter. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Key to Robonaut 2’s dexterity is human-like hands The machine can actually catch up to two balls at once, and while this may not sound like a lot on paper, but just try doing it in the back yard. It is not exactly an easy task. The robot will, when the balls are released, calculate the flight path of those two balls, and then position its hands into a catching position that is within 2 centimeters of the point where the ball is expected to be, in about just 5 milliseconds. The system does work with the help of external computers. They are needed in order to handle the processing and make the calculations possible in real time.The Rollin’ Justin weighs about 45kg , and it is equipped with a 3D camera system that allows it to pinpoint the objects distance, which needed in order make the calculation. The robot is built with 43 joints, with 5 in his torso, 7 in each of the arms, and 12 in each hand. It is also equipped with a total of 84 sensors. Explore furthercenter_img Citation: Ball catching robot, 80% accuracy in 5 milliseconds (w/ video) (2011, April 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-04-ball-robot-accuracy-milliseconds-video.html © 2010 PhysOrg.com More information: elib.dlr.de/67146/Via IEEElast_img read more

Nature journal to begin offering doubleblind peer reviewNature journal to begin offering doubleblind peer review

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Nature Peer review could reject breakthrough manuscripts, study shows Well known and respected journal, Nature, will begin next month offering researchers who submit their work for peer review, the option of having it done via the double-blind method—whereby both submitters and reviewers names are kept anonymous. In an Announcement piece, the journal explains why it has chosen to take this step and what it hopes to achieve by doing so. Citation: Nature journal to begin offering double-blind peer review (2015, February 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-02-nature-journal-double-blind-peer.htmlcenter_img Up till now, the peer review process at Nature has been conducted in single-blind fashion—reviewers could see the names of the authors of the work, but the authors (and everyone else) were not able to see the names of the reviewers. As Nature points out, there have been many calls in the science community for changing the system over the course of the past few years because of a perceived bias by reviewers—due to gender for example, or reputation.Single-blind reviews have become the norm for two main reasons; the first is because of the perception that reviewers would be hesitant to be completely honest in their reviews if they know ahead of time that their names will be attached to their work. The second is because of hesitancy on the part of respected journals to offer a service that they do not believe they can fully ensure—sometimes, it is not that difficult to figure out who an author is because of the small numbers of people working in a particular field, because they cite themselves or because their work is already so well known. As part of its announcement, Nature has said that ensuring the anonymity of researchers going forward will fall to the writers of the papers.Others have called for open reviews, where the names of both writers and reviewers are printed, but few in the research community seem to be interested in such a scheme. Nature claims that double-blind reviews are wanted by researchers—they cite an international study done back in 2009 where 76 percent of researcher respondents indicated that they felt that double-blind reviews were an effective reviewing system. Nature will allow researchers who prefer to stick with the single-blind system to do so if they prefer, but the default will change over starting at the beginning of March. At this time it is not clear if other major journals will make the switch as well. © 2015 Phys.org Explore furtherlast_img read more

Toxic neighborhoods and social mobilityToxic neighborhoods and social mobility

first_img © 2019 Science X Network How much does growing up in a healthy and cohesive community, or lack thereof, contribute to later long-term economic and social success in adulthood? Quite a lot, it would seem. Two Harvard sociologists, Robert Manduca and Robert J. Sampson, sought to better understand the relationships at play among environment, community, poverty, race, violence and social mobility in their paper, “Punishing and toxic neighborhood environments independently predict the intergenerational social mobility of black and white children,” recently published in PNAS. Their work specifically references and builds on several recent landmark studies by fellow Harvard researcher Raj Chetty and colleagues. Citation: Toxic neighborhoods and social mobility (2019, April 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-toxic-neighborhoods-social-mobility.html More information: 1. Robert Manduca and Robert J. Sampson. Punishing and toxic neighborhood environments independently predict the intergenerational social mobility of black and white children. PNAS. published ahead of print April 1, 2019 doi.org/10.1073/pnas.18204641162. Chetty R, Hendren N (2018) The impacts of neighborhoods on intergenerational mobility I: Childhood exposure effects. Q J Econ 133:1107–1162.3. Chetty R, Hendren N, Katz LF (2016) The effects of exposure to better neighborhoods on children: New evidence from the moving to opportunity experiment. Am Econ Rev 106:855–902.4. Chetty R, Hendren N, Kline P, Saez E (2014) Where is the land of opportunity? The geography of intergenerational mobility in the United States. Q J Econ 129:1553–1623.5. Chetty R, Hendren N, Jones MR, Porter SR (2018) Race and economic opportunity in the United States: An intergenerational perspective. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA). Available at www.nber.org/papers/w24441.6. Chetty R, Friedman JN, Hendren N, Jones MR, Porter SR (2018) The opportunity atlas: Mapping the childhood roots of social mobility. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA). Available at www.nber.org/papers/w25147. Explore further Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Aerial view of Chicago. Credit: Dicklyon – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 Manduca and Sampson then applied statistical methods to these data to yield a number of independent and inter-related explanatory variables. In particular, they were interested in developing predictive models that would work in combination with traditional socio-demographic Census data, such as single parent status, to provide higher explanatory power to their research and future endeavors. Ultimately, they presented and compared data using two separate models—a Census model; and an expanded model which utilizes PHDCN measures, either separately or as a single factor. Here’s what they found.Because the neighborhoods of Chicago are so heavily segregated, it was nearly impossible to attempt a direct comparison of black and white boys from the same neighborhood. Furthermore, they found that the various neighborhoods which were divided along racial lines were distinct and “qualitatively different environments” where men raised in the 90th percentile of majority black tracts earned less than the 10th percentile in majority white tracts. With reference to the explanatory power of the two categories of environmental and social predictors for intergenerational social mobility, the results were generally in keeping with the study investigators expectations. That is, they found that intergenerational mobility was lower and incarceration and teenage pregnancy rates were higher in childhood neighborhoods where social positives like social control and community organizations were absent or lacking, and where rates of violence, incarceration and lead exposure were pronounced.With regard to black children specifically, the investigators offer some discussion of the predictive power and statistical significance of their expanded social and environmental criteria when used in conjunction with Census variables. The investigators found that the poverty rate had little explanatory power when environmental controls were added to Census data. But importantly they note that lead exposure, incarceration, and violence are tightly co-associated and can be used as a single “neighborhood harshness/toxicity” factor. Here it is associated with lower income mobility and higher teenage birth rates and adult incarceration. Less significantly, the strength of local social networks was found to predict lower teenage birth rates in black women.Results were similar for white children, though incarceration rates could not be estimated for poor white boys. As with the results for black children, Manduca and Sampson found that the poverty rate had little explanatory power when environmental controls were added to Census data. Some subtle differences were revealed in the correlations between lead exposure, violence and incarceration, where these were found to be less highly correlated. On the other hand, violence was more predictive of future income; and lead exposure and incarceration were better predictors of teenage motherhood in white girls, as was the presence of social control. Neighborhood organizations were slightly associated with lower income rank. The most alarming finding of this study however may be the racialized nature of exposure to neighborhood harshness/toxicity, as the investigators have defined this variable comprising lead exposure, violence and incarceration. While both black and white children were found to suffer in neighborhoods with these conditions, black children in Chicago were exposed to them at an overwhelmingly disproportionate rate compared with white children. As the investigators note with regard to the magnitude of this disparity, “the most-exposed white tracts in our sample had levels comparable to the least-exposed black tracts.”In the Discussion section of their paper, Manduca and Sampson reiterate the utility of working with measures that account for punishing environments and supportive social organizations in addition to standard Census measures, as these offer increased explanatory power for predicting social and economic mobility. With regard to ameliorating the conditions driving these inequalities in income mobility, the authors conclude: “Past interventions that have cleaned up the physical environment and reduced toxic hazards indicate that environmental policy is in part crime policy. Our results suggest a broader conclusion: Reducing violence, reforming criminal justice through deincarceration, and maintaining environmental health together make for social mobility policy.” Racial inequality in the deployment of rooftop solar energy in the US The authors of this study [1], Manduca and Sampson, undertook their research against the background of data suggesting that growing up in areas of concentrated poverty, i.e., disadvantaged neighborhoods, is a major determinant of individual success later in life. They were especially interested in the earlier findings of Chetty et al. [2- 6] that black children from low-income communities were at a particular and distinct disadvantage when compared with whites from a similar background. Moreover when black children moved to better neighborhoods with the presence of a same-race father and low levels of poverty and white racism, these children did better for every year they spent in the better neighborhood. Yet as the Chetty studies found, there were “massive disparities” between blacks and whites in access to better quality neighborhoods likely to foster upward social and economic intergenerational mobility. Manduca and Sampson looked at data from the Opportunity Atlas compiled by Chetty’s group and based on that, developed a two-part mode of inquiry for their own study. For the first part, they looked at the negative roles that violence, incarceration and toxic lead exposure play in interfering with healthy child development and disrupting social mobility. For the second part, they examined the positive influence factors on children of cohesive communities, informal social control, trust among neighbors, and organizational participation. In contrast with the first set of negative factors, these previously unstudied characteristics of neighborhoods may be positively linked to an individual’s success later in life.The investigators used demographic data from Chicago, a typical large American city with a variety of intensely racially segregated neighborhoods. Specifically, they looked at “Census tract-level estimates of child mobility in the city of Chicago, created from linked income tax and Census records with measures of the social and physical environment constructed from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) and follow-ups.” This dataset covers roughly 96% of the cohort of children born in Chicago between 1978 and 1983 and tracks their social progress into their 30s while measuring outcomes such as adult income, incarceration, teenage pregnancy, etc. The analysis specifically targets expected outcomes for children whose parents fall within the national 25th percentile. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Cuttlefish ink found promising for cancer treatmentCuttlefish ink found promising for cancer treatment

first_img More information: Rong-Hui Deng. Mei-Zhen Zou, Diwei Zheng, Si-Yuan Peng, Wenlong Liu, Xue-Feng Bai, Han-Shi Chen, Yunxia Sun, Pang-Hu Zhou, and Xian-Zheng Zhang. “Nanoparticles from Cuttlefish Ink Inhibit Tumor Growth by Synergizing Immunotherapy and Photothermal Therapy.” ACS Nano. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.9b02993 Researchers have found that cuttlefish ink—a black suspension sprayed by cuttlefish to deter predators—contains nanoparticles that strongly inhibit the growth of cancerous tumors in mice. The nanoparticles consist mostly of melanin by weight, along with amino acids, monosaccharides (simple sugars), metals, and other compounds. The researchers showed that the nanoparticles modify the immune function in tumors, and when combined with irradiation, can almost completely inhibit tumor growth. Due to these costs, some researchers have turned to nature for alternatives. Previous research has shown that certain natural compounds, including those found in brown algae and some bacteria, contain polysaccharides that have the ability to reprogram macrophages from the M2 type to the M1 type. In the new paper, the researchers found that cuttlefish ink nanoparticles, which are spherical and approximately 100 nm in diameter, also have this ability. After confirming the biocompatibility of these nanoparticles, the researchers performed several experiments both in vitro with tumor cells and in vivo with tumor-afflicted mice. In the in vitro experiments, the researchers found that irradiating the nanoparticles with near-infrared irradiation killed approximately 90% of tumor cells, although the nanoparticles displayed almost no cytotoxicity without irradiation. The researchers explained that the high melanin content of the nanoparticles plays a key role in the irradiation process, as melanin has an intrinsically good photothermal conversion ability.In mice, nanoparticle treatment proved to be effective both alone and in combination with irradiation, although irradiation further improved the outcome. Bioluminescent imaging revealed that treated mice exhibited significantly lower tumor bioluminescence compared to controls, indicating greatly reduced metastases on internal organs. Mice treated with both nanoparticles and irradiation exhibited a nearly complete inhibition of tumor growth.By performing a gene analysis, the researchers identified 194 differentially expressed genes involved in immune functions that were associated with the regulation of the inflammatory response and cell killing, and which were either up- or down-regulated by the treatment. The analysis indicated that a certain signaling pathway is responsible for the conversion of M2 macrophages to M1 macrophages. This mechanism not only leads to phagocytosis of tumor cells, but also stimulates the immune system to produce various antitumor factors, all of which play a role in inhibiting tumor growth.In the future, the researchers plan to explore other natural materials that have anti-cancer properties.”Our research team is currently studying the biomedical potential of natural materials such as hair, cuttlefish ink, bacteria, fungi, and even the cells of the human body as a therapeutic drug carrier,” Zhang said. “By drawing inspiration from nature and taking advantage of its own characteristics, we expect to find some valuable research that will provide new and effective solutions for the treatment of clinical diseases.” Journal information: ACS Nano Explore further Citation: Cuttlefish ink found promising for cancer treatment (2019, July 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-cuttlefish-ink-cancer-treatment.html © 2019 Science X Network This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Elegant antibody nanoparticles override immunological tolerance of tumors (Left) A cuttlefish. Credit: North Atlantic Stepping Stones Science Party, IFE, URI-IAO; NOAA/OAR/OER. (Right) Comparison of tumor size after 16 days of different treatments, including cuttlefish ink nanoparticles (CINPs) and CINPs with irradiation. Credit: Deng et al. ©2019 American Chemical Society The researchers, led by Pang-Hu Zhou at the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University and Xian-Zheng Zhang at the Chemistry Department at Wuhan University, have published a paper on the ability of nanoparticles from cuttlefish ink to inhibit tumor growth in a recent issue of ACS Nano.”We found natural nanoparticles from cuttlefish ink with good biocompatibility that can effectively achieve tumor immunotherapy and photothermal therapy simultaneously,” Zhang told Phys.org. “This finding might inspire more exploration of natural materials for medical applications.”Tumor immunotherapy involves fighting cancer by stimulating the body’s own immune system. One strategy is to target leukocytes, or white blood cells. Macrophages are the predominant leukocyte found in some tumors, and they can take one of two forms: M1 or M2. The M1 phenotype engulfs and destroys tumor cells through the process of phagocytosis and with the activation of T cells (other white blood cells). In the M2 phenotype, on the other hand, this immune function is suppressed, allowing tumor growth to continue unchecked. In tumor environments, the M2 phenotype almost always outnumbers the M1 phenotype.Recently, researchers have been working on the development of small molecules and antibodies that can convert protumor M2 macrophages to antitumor M1 macrophages. At the same time, they are designing nanoparticles such as photothermal agents that, when exposed to irradiation, locally destroy cancer cells by thermal ablation. These agents can be integrated into synthesized nanoparticles, and then potentially administered to patients. One of the drawbacks, however, is that these synthetic nanoparticles are expensive and require complicated preparation methods.last_img read more

CM offers puja as Kolkatans usher in Nobo BorshoCM offers puja as Kolkatans usher in Nobo Borsho

first_imgKolkata: Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee began her day by offering Puja at Kalighat temple in the wee hours of Sunday on the occasion of Poila Baisakh amidst tight security. She also wished the people a very happy and prosperous Bengali New Year on Twitter.The Chief Minister extended her greeting to the people of Bengal and sent across a message of peace and prosperity. Many enthusiastic people were happy after seeing the Chief Minister outside the temple. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsPeople across the state on Sunday celebrated ‘Poila Baisakh’, the Bengali New Year, with great gusto and fervour, with many thronging temples and offering their puja. Amidst immense joy and festive fervour, the Bengali community celebrated the auspicious first day of the Bengali calendar. People wore new dresses and started thronging various temples from early Sunday morning.The grand festival coincides with the other regional festivals like Bohag Bihu in Assam, Vishu in Kerala and Puthandu in Tamil Nadu. Many prayed to Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi for blessings to ensure prosperity and success. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedMany Bengali traders purchased new accounting books and offered puja at the temples. The accounting in the halkhata begins only after offering puja. Devotees seek blessings of the almighty on the first day of the Bengali New Year. Mantras are chanted while puja is offered before the deities. “Hindu swastika” is drawn on the accounting books by the priests. Long queues of devotees were found in front of the Kalighat and Dakshineshwar, Tarapith and Tarakeswar temple from late night. Thousands of devotees thronged Kalighat temple and Dakshineswar Kali temple, seeking blessings for prosperity. Trinamool Congress MP Kalyan Banerjee also offered his prayer at Dakshineswar temple. He said that he is a great worshipper of Goddess Kali. On the first day of the Bengali New year, the MP became emotional while offering prayer to the deity.In various places of the city and state, people took out Prabhat Pheris, while children took part in various cultural programmes, clad in new attire. State Power minister Sobhandeb Chattopadhyay also took part in a Prabhat Pheri, in his own constituency area in Rashbehari. Rallies were taken out in various places in Jadavpur and Ultadanga.Apart from Bengal, the Bengali New year is also celebrated by the people in Bangladesh and among Bengali communities in other states.People, particularly the traders, had hectic activities in Chaitro, being the last month of the Bengali calendar. They remain busy with huge pressure of purchase, with many organising Chaitro sales to attract customers with discounts.Long queues were seen in front of restaurants serving Bengali delicacies on this special day. Several Bengali restaurants have rolled out various special dishes to cater to the demands of people.last_img read more

TMC leader shot at in Jhargram family accuses of party rivalryTMC leader shot at in Jhargram family accuses of party rivalry

first_imgKolkata: A Trinamool Congress leader from Gopiballavpur block I in Jhargram sustained bullet injuries and IS fighting for his life in a hospital. Police said the victim, Bikash Nayek was taking a stroll outside his house after finishing his dinner on Sunday night when some unidentified miscreants came and shot at him from point blank. A bullet pierced through his left shoulder. The family members of the victim who were having their dinner rushed to the spot after hearing the gun shot. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThey found Nayek in a pool of blood. The miscreants had already fled the spot after committing the crime. He was immediately rushed to the Jhargram Superspecialty hospital. According to the hospital sources, the condition of the patient is serious. According to preliminary investigation, police suspect that the miscreants had come on a motorcycle and disappeared in the darkness after the incident.The incident triggered tension among locals. The family members alleged that some BJP backed miscreants might have been involved in the incident. It was a deliberate attempt to kill Nayek who had been instrumental in strengthening the party organisation in the area. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedSenior party leaders from the district also blamed the BJP for the incident as they were trying to weaken the organisation of the Trinamool Congress. The family members of the victim handed over the names of some suspected miscreants to the police who might be been involved in the incident. The district BJP leaders, however, denied the allegation and termed it to be a result of the intra party clash within Trinamool Congress. A police picket was set up at the hospital as the family members of the victim are apprehending fresh attacks on Nayek. Police have started a detailed probe in this regard. Raids are being conducted to nab the culprits.last_img read more

Transport minister flags off luxury AC buses to North BengalTransport minister flags off luxury AC buses to North Bengal

first_imgKolkata: Suvendu Adhikari, the state Transport minister, flagged off five air-conditioned Volvo buses at L20 bus terminus in Esplanade which will operate from Kolkata to various parts of North Bengal.Senior officials including Mihir Goswami, Chairman, North Bengal State Transport Corporation (NBSTC), Narayan Swaroop Nigam, Managing Director, West Bengal Transport Corporation (WBTC) were present in the meeting. Adhikari said the introduction of the buses will be helpful to people immensely. He also appreciated the role played by the NBSTC in ensuring bus services between Kolkata and North Bengal even when other modes of transport are not available. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe buses will be plying from Kolkata to Siliguri, Kolkata to Alipurduar via Cooch Behar and Kolkata to Kandi. It will be an added advantage for the people of North Bengal to reach Kolkata. Everyday hundreds of people travel between Kolkata and different parts of North Bengal. Goswami said that it would be 75 years of the NBSTC in 2019 and more steps would be taken for the convenience of the masses. Reacting on the increase in the price of diesel, Goswami said it is leaving an adverse effect as the price of fuel has witnessed a steep rise just in the past few days and the expense of operating buses is also going up. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe introduction of the air-conditioned Volvo buses come when the state Transport department has also planned to introduce “Rajdhani” Volvo bus services to further improve connectivity between the district headquarters and Kolkata. Recently, a high-level meeting in a bid to ensure initiation of “Rajdhani” Volvo bus services between all district headquarters and Kolkata held at Paribahan Bhavan where top brass of the state Transport Department and all the corporations were present. The state Transport minister had earlier announced the project of introducing bus services to connect the district headquarters with the city.last_img read more

WBBSE suspends errant headmasterWBBSE suspends errant headmaster

first_imgKolkata: The West Bengal Board of Secondary Education (WBBSE) on Thursday suspended the headmaster of Maynaguri Subhasnagar High School Haridayal Roy, on charges of opening the seal of question papers much before the scheduled time. He had allegedly made question papers of more than one subject available to the topper of the school, during the Madhyamik examination a few months ago.”We have suspended Roy and disciplinary proceedings have been initiated against him,” said Kalyanmoy Ganguly, president of WBBSE, who had led the enquiry that was conducted in this regard. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe WBBSE also announced strong action against some others who, according to the probe, were involved in the entire matter. The Board has started disciplinary proceedings against Biswajit Roy, the English teacher of the school who had videographed the strongroom of the school, where the question papers were kept. It may be mentioned that during the enquiry, Roy had admitted his wrongful act.”Samrat Biswas, the history teacher of the school, who had given contradictory statements regarding the matter during the probe, is being handed over ‘stricture.’ He has been warned that if he is found to be involved in similar acts in future, strong action will be taken against him,” a senior WBBSE official said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAt the same time, the School Education department has showcaused sub-inspector of school of the region Biswanath Bhowmick. He has been directed to respond to the showcause within three days.”Bhowmick has been found guilty of making statements without verification of facts and has even spoken to a number of media persons, which has given a wrong message regarding the entire matter,” the official added.The WBBSE has also not spared Mantu Roy, the additional venue supervisor, for dereliction of duty. “We have started disciplinary proceedings against him,” Gangulysaid.However, Board officials remained tight lipped on the allegations of question paper leak that had been triggered as the seal of the papers were opened before the scheduled time.A number of teachers of Maynaguri School in Jalpaiguri district had been vocal against Roy and had told the Board that he had provided undue benefit to the topper of the school through his act and demanded exemplary punishment for him.It may be recalled that state Education minister Partha Chatterjee had condemned the incident and had said that if the accused teacher is found guilty, then the Shiksha Ratna award conferred upon him will be taken back.last_img read more

Grub experimentation could promote weight lossGrub experimentation could promote weight loss

first_imgBeing a little experimental with one’s eating habits could prove to be a surefire recipe to losing weight rather than sticking to healthy food on a daily basis, suggests a new research.Counterintuitive as it may sound, researchers have found that adventurous eaters, known as “foodies”, weigh less and may be healthier than their less-adventurous counterparts.The study, involving over 500 women across the US, showed that those who had eaten the widest variety of uncommon foods—including seitan, beef tongue, Kimchi, rabbit, and polenta—also rated themselves as healthier eaters, more physically active and more concerned with the healthiness of their food when compared with less-adventurous eaters. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“These findings are important to dieters because they show that promoting adventurous eating may provide a way for people—especially women—to lose or maintain weight without feeling restricted by a strict diet,” said study co-author Brian Wansink, author of the book “Slim by Design: Mindless Eating Solutions for Everyday Life”.“They also reported being much more likely to have friends over for dinner,” said lead author Lara Latimer from the University of Texas.The article was published in the journal Obesity.last_img read more

Bandh fails TMC to continue protest against fuel price hikeBandh fails TMC to continue protest against fuel price hike

first_imgKolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said on Monday that reducing the VAT on fuel will not benefit the people in the long run as the daily increase in petrol and diesel prices along with the unprecedented devaluation of the rupee were a result of an absolute financial mismanagement.”It is the biggest economic disaster. Demonetisation followed by the GST and the prices of petroleum products are soaring. The value of rupee is going down and the prices of petrol and diesel are going up and finally, the value of the life of common people is going down with each passing day. We are unable to understand where it will reach,” she said at Nabanna on Monday afternoon. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeCommenting on the bandh, she said: “We cannot afford to lose man-days. 80 days man-days had been lost in the past regime. In the past seven years, we had to toil hard to revive the financial health of the state. We have to pay Rs 48,000 crore to repay loans,” she said.The TMC supremo, who has been among the strongest critics of the BJP, said that she supported the issue on which the Bharat Bandh was called but not the bandh.Banerjee said that Ahmed Patel had called her up on Friday and wanted to know her stand. “I told him we support the issue but oppose the bandh.” She added that bandhs should be the last weapon. “Movements should be conducted regularly and bandhs should be the last weapon,” she remarked. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed”Bengal is trying to make a turnaround and we have a number of achievements in some areas… So, we do not support bandh on principal — whoever calls it. But because we support the cause, we held protest rallies in the city,” she added.The Trinamool Congress organised protest rallies against the rise of petroleum products. Trinamool workers and leaders took part in the rally that started at Moulali and ended at Dorina Crossing via S N Banerjee Road. Later, a meeting was held at Dorina Crossing where TMC MP and president of the party’s youth wing Abhishek Banerjee addressed the gathering. He said rallies will be held in Delhi to oust the anti-people BJP government at the Centre. Hundreds of Trinamool workers took part in the protest procession.Life was normal across the state during the bandh with traffic, rail services operating normally and business establishments, schools, colleges and other educational institutions functioning as usual. Scheduled examinations in educational institutions were also held.In the state government offices, the attendance was more than the usual days as the state Finance department had given a notice which stated that a day’s salary of the absentee would be deducted. In districts too, the state-run offices functioned normally.The state government ran more buses and had deployed around 1,300 policemen in Kolkata to maintain peace. No untoward incidents were reported in the city.There was no disruption of flights at Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport and at Haldia port, cargo handling was normal.last_img read more

Combat hair woes in monsoon with easeCombat hair woes in monsoon with ease

first_imgHumidity can take a toll on your tresses during the monsoon season, bringing on issues like dandruff, hair fall and dryness. Ensure you use limited hair products and keep your mane tied, says an expert. A renowned aesthetician, cosmetologist has shared a few tips to help you counter hair troubles: * Using too many products for hair is not recommended. They may cause dandruff and hair fall during damp weather. One should indulge in regular hair washes with a mild, medicated and organic shampoo, to do away with hair problems. Just apply anti-humidifying sprays to protect your mane from humidity by sealing your cuticles.  Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’* If you could not save yourself from the downpour and end up with wet tresses, wash hair immediately as the dirty water may again cause infections as well as hair-fall.* Do not leave your hair loose or open as they can get oily after mingling with the rain water along with the sweat, making you feel tacky. In monsoon, be sure to tie your tresses in messy, high-rise buns that are in trend these days. Accessorise with colourful hats, caps and bandanas to add a dash of colour and style. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix* For re-infusing energy into your dry, damaged and limp hair of rainy season, you can apply a nourishing homemade hair mask. Prepare a powder of dried neem leaves by grinding them; now add egg and mayonnaise to it. Apply this preparation to your hair and leave it to stay for few hours. Wash-off to reveal conditioned, sparkling tresses that flow with health. Neem included in the pack will protect your mane from infections, whereas the protein content of the egg will strengthen it from root to tips. The much-needed shine will be endowed to hair through mayonnaise.last_img read more

Get yourself summer readyGet yourself summer ready

first_imgWinter has finally said goodbye and summer is knocking at the doors and with this changing weather, one should take extra care of hair and skin by using a nice face wash and right natural replenishing shampoo and conditioner, say experts.Rashmi Shetty, Dermatologist and advisor on Pond’s skin panel says that it’s important to keep five key factors in mind when it comes to ‘skincare tips to combat changing seasons and they are humidity, temperature, pollution, exposure to UV rays and lifestyle changes. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfShe also lists the factors that one should keep in mind for the skin during the changing season.Summer gets too hot and too humid, and our face tends to get dirty and dull. This is why it is important to use a good facewash, like one with activated carbon so it can remove the dirt particles that pollution and air cause. Summer also requires moisturisers and creams that are very light and hydrating. The right texture of a moisturiser is an important thing to keep in mind. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveOne can also use creams that have skin lightening ingredients. Something enriched with vitamins that don’t over sensitise the skin but can combat dullness and dark spots. Daniel Bauer, hair care expert of TRESemmé, on the other hand, lists tips to keep in mind for hair.While it’s hot and humid, there is no excuse for your hair to look like a crow’s nest. Cooling down in the pool or a dip in the ocean is great for you, but not for your hair. Chlorine in swimming pools can strip away the natural oils that coat your hair, while sea salt literally sucks the moisture from your hair and can sometimes interact with your hair dye, making it fade much sooner. Nobody wants this! Lost hair oils and moisture will gradually come back to your hair, but the right natural replenishing shampoo and conditioner will help aid the recovery. Use the right shampoo and conditioner for each Indian season as using the same shampoo and conditioner all year round will only work sometimes. Usually in summers try and just stick to braids and top knots. With the right hair care, you can leave the buns and braids behind this season and have fantastic open wavy or beach hair all year round. Just cheat with the right shampoo and conditioner. Don’t wash your hair too often as it strips your scalp of natural oils which in turn stimulates additional oil production and makes you feel the need to wash it even more. So take good care of those tresses and skin this summer.last_img read more

Mercury dips again in city cold wave to continue in coming daysMercury dips again in city cold wave to continue in coming days

first_imgKolkata: The city’s temperature dropped slightly on Friday, making the people believe that the cold wave condition may stay for a few more days in South Bengal.The Regional Meteorological Centre, however, predicted that the sudden rise and fall in the temperature is quite common during this period. The Met office also said that the cold wave condition that has been still prevailing in some of the South Bengal districts, may stay for the next couple of days. There is, however, a prediction of light rainfall in some North Bengal districts. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe lowest temperature in the city on Friday touched 11.9 degree Celsius, whereas on Thursday the city’s temperature was recorded at 12.6 degree. A senior official of the weather office said that the mercury may hover around 12 degree Celsius in the city in the next few days. “There is a prediction of rainfall in North Bengal and Sikkim in the next two days. There is also a possibility of snowfall in Sikkim. Temperature in some North Bengal districts may go down further,” a weather official said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIt was also learnt from the Met office that a cyclonic storm has formed over South China Sea. It is likely to move towards Port Blair and cross Andaman Sea between January 6 and 7. As a result of this cyclonic storm, there may be heavy to very heavy rainfall in Andaman during the period. In view of this, the weather office also issued an alert asking the fishermen not to voyage into deep sea in the next couple of days. Siliguri recorded 5.8 degree Celsius on Friday, whereas Jalpaiguri had its temperature standing at 7.2 degree. Cooch Behar touched 6.1 degree. Darjeeling saw mercury remain at 1.5 degree Celsius. South Bengal districts like Birbhum, Purulia, West Burdwan, Nadia, Murshidabad and Bankura recorded 8.4, 8.4, 7.9, 8.6, 9 and 9.7 degree Celsius respectively.last_img read more

Add a protein twist to your fitness regimeAdd a protein twist to your fitness regime

first_imgThe right amount of protein intake always goes hand-in-hand with a strict fitness regime to remain hale and hearty, suggest experts. Losing out on the required protein intake leads to a number of adverse effects, including muscle breakdown, weakness, fatigue and premature hair loss. In fact, the increasing incidence of many of the physical issues in our country, such as muscle loss, low immunity and body soreness can also be attributed to low protein intake. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAccording to the Nutritionist, protein deficiency often leads to an early onslaught of sarcopenia, or more simply, the loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength due to ageing. “Protein is the glue that holds our muscles and tissues together, and people who fail to take adequate protein, are bound to suffer from sarcopenia. The best way to combat sarcopenia is by making sure your body gets its ideal intake of protein.” According to them, the recommended dietary intake (RDA) for protein for Indians is 1 gm per kg body weight. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”A person weighing 60 kg will require 60 gm of protein on a daily basis. Vegetarians, especially, have limited options for protein-rich food like soya, cereals and pulses. Since increased soy intake has poor acceptance in our country and has controversial health implications, milk protein can be an important source of first class protein, when one is trying to increase protein intake.” In the research, experts further shared insights on how milk protein has two components: whey and casein. “Whey protein has the benefit of being absorbed faster in the body, and can supplement and augment protein synthesis. The golden window where protein intake is most beneficial is 45 minutes after a workout, as that is when our bodies absorb protein the fastest. For that purpose, consuming easily digestible protein sources like whey would be ideal.” Adding whey to daily meals can help. “It is easy to give a protein twist to your daily meal by replacing your morning cup of tea or coffee with a healthy smoothie or a milkshake containing fruits, yoghurt/milk and whey. Whey protein powder is great to mix into such shakes, or taken alongside your traditional breakfast of idlis or oats or for the really time strapped, to be carried in a shaker to consume on the way to work,” experts added.last_img read more

TMC begins dharna over IT notices to Durga Puja committeesTMC begins dharna over IT notices to Durga Puja committees

first_imgKolkata: The Trinamool Congress on Tuesday began its eight-hour long dharna in central Kolkata in protest against the central government’s decision to serve income tax notices to Durga Puja committees. Criticising the Centre for issuing the notices to several Durga Puja committees here, West Bengal Chief Minister and TMC supremo Mamata Banerjee had on Sunday announced that ‘Banga Janani Brigade’ – the women’s wing of the party – would sit on a dharna at Subodh Mullick Square on Tuesday. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata Noting that festivals should be exempt from levies, she had urged organisers, participants and all people “who love Bangla” to join the protest. The BJP had on Monday criticised the TMC’s decision to stage the demonstration, accusing a section of ruling TMC leaders of laundering money allegedly looted in chit fund scams through the puja committees. The TMC had termed the allegations as “baseless”.last_img read more

Rare Marilyn Monroe Photos from her Early Years Resurface for AuctionRare Marilyn Monroe Photos from her Early Years Resurface for Auction

first_imgThere can never be enough Marilyn Monroe photographs. The internet is filled with them, and from different stages of her lightning, bombastic career. Yet, pictures keep coming out, especially images taken of the icon at the beginning of her career. Photos before the world learned who Marilyn Monroe was — from the time she was merely Norma Jeane, the girl next door, a young and aspiring model.In an upcoming auction on October 7th, offered by Santa Monica Auctions, one of the central lots is all about Norma Jeane. It’s lot 180A, which contains a precious cache, courtesy of photographer Richard C. Miller.Richard C. Miller. Norma Jeane Dougherty (Marilyn Monroe) in Wedding Dress, 1946. Photo Courtesy: Santa Monica AuctionsThe two of them, Miller and Norma Jeane, met in early 1946. Marilyn was just 19-years-old at the time and had recently started a contract for the Blue Book modeling agency. They would collaborate on several different sessions that year.“I had no idea when I was taking these pictures that she would become famous and that the pictures would become valuable. She was just a nice, sweet attractive girl with outrageous ambitions,” Miller would later comment according to the Daily Mail.The auction lot features a portfolio with 12 prints picked from those 1946 photo sessions. Included is also a self-portrait of the working pair, with the signature “Dick and Norma Jeane” on it.Original model release form. Photo Courtesy: Santa Monica AuctionsOn the self-portrait with the photographer, the icon is sporting swimwear, with the wind blowing her hair on the one side and her smile simply radiant.However, the most significant piece from this early Monroe collection seems to be a vintage print that came out in the production stage for a magazine cover where Norma Jeane was featured a year later, in the June 1947 issue of Personal Romances. The print preserved for the auction is a variation from the one that was ultimately used for the magazine issue.Norma Jeane Portfolio, 1946. Photo Courtesy: Santa Monica AuctionsOn it, we can see young Norma Jeane dressed in her wedding gown, with a prayer book in her hands. The book was a personal copy of Miller’s wife and is among the items allotted for sale.Consigned is also the original model release form personally signed by Norma Jeane Dougherty — consent to the photographer that he can freely use the photographs. The date inscribed on it is March 26, 1946.At the time she used the name Norma Jeane Dougherty after having married her Van Nuys High School crash, James Dougherty, the first of her three husbands during her 36-year-long life. By the end of 1946, Norma Jeane and James were already divorcees.Richard C. Miller. Self-Portrait With Norma Jeane, 1946. Photo Courtesy: Santa Monica AuctionsThe magazine cover image, done in an elaborate Carbro print technique and where we see Norma Jean in her wedding attire, was probably lost, reported LA Weekly.Miller’s copy of it is “likely the only existing print from that session.” Miller was an expert in the coloring technique in question.The entire lot can be reviewed at the auction site smauctions.com among over 200 other lots offered for sale. The scheduled date for the Santa Monica Auctions is Sunday, October 7th, beginning at 1 pm local time.The Monroe auction lot is estimated to surpass the sum of $60,000 and possibly hit $80,000.Previous auctions of Monroe’s memorabilia have proved record-breaking. In fact, she has the Guinness World Record for having sold the most expensive gown in history. — the sparkling Jean Louis dress, which Monroe wore during her well-remembered performance for President Kennedy’s birthday at the Democratic Party’s fundraiser in 1962, a few months before she died.Read another story from us: Above Marilyn Monroe’s Crypt a Man is Buried Face-DownIn 2016, the hammer fell at $4,800,000 for the dress at Julien’s Auction in LA. According to Guinness World Records, the sum was $200,000 higher than a previous record, also held by Monroe, for her ivory rayon-acetate dress which she wore in 1955’s The Seven Year Itch romance comedy.last_img read more

Grayson Allen and Odell Beckham need to grow up Its time toGrayson Allen and Odell Beckham need to grow up Its time to

first_imgIt was just announced that Johnny Manziel will be at the Super Bowl…. signing autographs in a local mall across from the Lego store for $99 a pop. Colin said before the draft that Manziel was going to be a disaster because all the warning signs were there. Last night, Grayson Allen apparently pushed a Florida State assistant coach to the ground as he fell out of bounds.This morning, fanboys are making excuses for Allen, and think that people are overreacting. Colin is sick of people making excuses for athletes. From Manziel, to Allen, to Odell Beckham, it’s time for some athletes to grow up. Stop rewarding bad behavior.“I’m over it. Grayson Allen, Johnny Manziel, Odell Beckham, grow up.”Dallas is playing their first meaningful game in about a month against Green Bay in the playoffs this weekend. Even though the Cowboys have been the surprise of the NFL, if they lose against the Packers the entire season will still be a disappointment. A win, regardless of what happens in the NFC Championship game, would be a tangible progression to build off next year.Some Dallas newspapers are already floating scenarios where Tony Romo could replace Prescott if he struggles. Colin thinks Dallas needs to stick with Dak, even if he struggles and they’re down late. It’s his team.“To me, you have to live with Dak Prescott. It’s his team.”The NFL coaching searches are intensifying, and today it was announced that the Broncos are likely to hire Miami Dolphins defensive coordinator Vance Joseph to replace Gary Kubiak. Among other teams with openings, most are considering promoting league assistants to head coaching positions, even though they have a mixed track record at best. Colin doesn’t understand why NFL teams, which are multi-billion dollar enterprises always want to go cheap when it comes to hiring coaches.If Colin was an owner, the first thing he would do is open the checkbook and hire away a Jim Harbaugh or a Nick Saban, regardless of the price tag. It doesn’t make any sense from a business standpoint to continue to hire cheap coaches with no experience just to save a couple million dollars. Pay up.“I would call Jim Harbaugh. ‘What do make at Michigan?’ ‘Nine.’ ‘I’ll give you 18.’”Ray Lewis – 2-time Super Bowl champion with the Baltimore Ravens joins the show to discuss why it’s important to hold athletes accountable for their actions; why it’s important for athletes to have “no” people around them; and the role of older teammates as mentors to younger players.Don Garber–  MLS Commissioner joins the show on the 10-year anniversary of David Beckham signing with the MLS; its long-term impact on the league; how he plans to continue to grow the sport; and if he supports a marketing strategy that focuses on teams, or one that focuses on teams like the NFL.George Karl – Former NBA head coach, and author of Furious George joins the show to discuss his new book; the fallout from his comments about Carmelo Anthony and Kenyon Martin; if he has been surprised by the negative publicity; and if the NBA is too top-heavy.Cris Carter – FS1 NFL analyst is in-studio to discuss why NFL teams hire assistant coaches who haven’t been head coaches before; if playing in big time college games can prepare players for a playoff atmosphere; why players don’t calculate the long-term impact of their actions; and why road playoff games are a different animal.last_img read more

Google to Buy Social Mapping Startup WazeGoogle to Buy Social Mapping Startup Waze

first_img Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Waze is going the way of Google. The tech giant announced today that it is acquiring the free, crowd-sourced traffic and navigation app.Although Google did not disclose terms of the deal, earlier reports pegged the price at $1.3 billion. If true, Israel-based Waze would be Google’s fourth largest acquisition by dollar value. The idea is that buying Waze will eliminate a competitor and help solidify Google’s position as a leader in mobile mapping and navigation.For months, Waze was reportedly entertaining offers from other potential buyers including Apple and Facebook, which continues to lack any sort of substantial map offering. Google says Waze’s product development team will remain in Israel. Having to relocate to the U.S. reportedly was a sticking point in Waze’s negotiations with Facebook.Waze, which was launched five years ago, says its app is used in almost 200 countries with 70,000 volunteers who help edit maps and provide other details about construction, gasoline prices and detours. It has 50 million users worldwide.”Nothing practical will change here at Waze,” chief executive Noam Bardin reassured users in a statement online. “The same Waze people will continue to collaborate with you, and we will continue to innovate our product and services, making them more social, functional and helpful for everyday drivers. Our employees, managers, founders and I are all committed to our vision for many years to come.”Waze is seen by many as a free and more dynamic alternative to vehicle navigation products such as Garmin and TomTom, which use maps that aren’t updated in real time and can cost upwards of $130 per device.Related: Google and Facebook Said to be in Battle to Acquire Social Mapping App Waze Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals June 11, 2013 2 min read Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. Register Now »last_img read more

Mobile Commerce Has Completely Exploded InfographicMobile Commerce Has Completely Exploded Infographic

first_img Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now November 21, 2013 Related: How to Make The Most of This Year’s Ultra-Short Holiday Shopping Season This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Hang some mistletoe over you and your smartphone this holiday season.Shopping for the holidays has increasingly become about spending quality time with our mobile devices. From 2011 to 2012, the number of minutes that consumers spent on retail mobile apps in the holiday month of December increased six-fold, according to the infographic below compiled by Sparked, a San Francisco-based social and mobile engagement platform.Also, in the last six months, almost three in four shoppers have confessed to “showrooming,” meaning they examine a product in a retail store and then buy it online for a cheaper price.Related: In Weak Shopping Environment, Cyber Monday Is Where It’s AtAnd globally, while about half of U.S. Internet users shop on mobile, almost nine in 10 Japanese Internet users shop on their mobile phones.Check out the infographic (below) for additional information about trends in mobile commerce, or m-commerce, this holiday season.Click to Enlarge+ 1 min read Enroll Now for Freelast_img read more

This Startup Has Figured Out How to Grow Metal Like a TreeThis Startup Has Figured Out How to Grow Metal Like a Tree

first_img Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now A Seattle startup has found a way to grow high performance metals in a cheap and energy efficient way, marking an important breakthrough for industries like construction, automotive, and oil and gas.You can already find some of the metals from seven-year-old company Modumetal on oil rigs off of the Australian and African coasts, as well as the U.S., off of Texas. Those metals can withstand the ocean’s corrosive power for up to eight times longer than conventional materials, according to the company.On Tuesday, Modumetal took a big step towards its goal of gaining a bigger market for its innovative recipe. The company said that it had raised $33.5 million in funding that will go to increasing production and sales along with developing new uses for its metals.The funding was led by the Founders Fund, the firm co-created by Silicon Valley investor Peter Thiel that has previously invested in space cargo company SpaceX, room rental service Airbnb and data giant Palantir. Other investors include the venture arms of three oil big companies, Chevron Technology Ventures, BP Ventures and ConocoPhillips.Modumetal’s CEO and co-founder Christina Lomasney, a physicist who’s spent years working on electrochemistry and advanced materials, told Fortune that the company’s metal growing process is “the ideal way of making materials.” It is similar to the way that “Mother Nature has evolved [growing things] over eons,” she said.Some of the more conventional ways to extract and use various types of metals often include large amounts of heat. Many metals are mined and then extracted from the ores through smelting at a high temperature. Companies can also reuse metal scraps, but they must be melted and cast into usable shapes.In contrast, Modumetal’s process only uses electricity, and therefore uses far less energy. The company’s metal process is similar to the more conventional method of electroplating, which is when electricity is used to create a metal coating on a surface.However, Modumetal uses nanotechnology — manipulation of matter at the molecular level — to micromanage at a very small scale to better control the conditions and substances through which electroplating occurs. Basically, the company grows metal on a surface in a way that makes it easier to shape and tinker with the material’s characteristics. Lomasney says it’s similar to how nature controls the environment related to a tree’s growth— sunlight, soil, location, temperature—and then creates a tree that is a product those conditions.A conventional metal part is made by standard processes on the left, and a metal part grown by startup Modumetal on the right.Photo courtesy of Will Foster, willfosterphoto.comThe process creates a metal that is grown layer-by-layer. The different ways to grow the layers creates variety in the metal’s properties and shape. Lomasney says to think about the resulting material like plywood, but the plies, or pieces, are created at the nanotech level.The industry calls these layered metals “metal laminates,” and they’ve been around in the industry for a while. Lomasney’s breakthrough is using a chemical and electrical production process combined with nanotechnology to create the metal plywoods at a low cost, with low energy and with the ability to make the metal pieces in large volumes and with large pieces (think oil rig big).The company is making a laminated zinc alloy for its customers that want a metal that won’t corrode as fast as standard zinc. But laminated steel could be the big market for Modumental. The company considers its strong and long-lasting steel product as the next-generation of the steel industry.Modumetal’s original technology was created by Lomasney and her co-founder, chemical engineer John Whitaker. The partners previously worked on using electricity and chemistry to clean up toxic environments. After noticing their work, the Defense Department approached them to work on making advanced materials that could produce armor for soldiers that would be both very strong (stop bullets) but also last a long time (stop bullets over many years).Lomasney and Whitaker spun out the core armor-making tech to start Modumetal. The company now has a research and development lab in Seattle, a factory in Maltby, Wash., and a field services office in Houston, Tex. The funds will help the company grow production at its factory in Maltby.Despite the company’s ambition and promise, the startup world can be extraordinarily difficult. Expanding factory production can be particularly hard for a small company. Large scale manufacturing requires production to be precisely repeated over and over again, with little variation, which can be challenging with new technologies.In addition the company is selling into long established and sometimes slow moving industries. While the company seems to have won over oil companies early on, big metal makers, car companies, aviation firms and construction companies can be notoriously risk averse and tend to shy away from partnering with young venture-capital backed startups.Some of the biggest materials and metals companies around the world, which have some of the deepest pockets, and also are likely working on competitive technologies. The company will need to aggressively protect its patents —the core of its business—through both acquisition and legal action.Modumetal sees the corrosion-protected metals as its first big market. But there are many other possibilities that the company and its customers are interested in. For example, Modumetal has a joint venture with one of the largest U.S. sheet metal makers, Steel Dynamics, to come up with applications for an upgraded version of sheet metal in the future.Metal production isn’t often talked about. It’s not a particularly sexy topic. But if Modumetal can get its metals into everything from skyscrapers to airplanes, the company could make a big mark. It’s like how 3D printing is introducing an entirely new and easier way to print plastics and other materials into shapes that either couldn’t previously be made or would otherwise take a lot of effort to create.In the 1800’s, aluminum was so expensive to make that it was confined to trinkets like Napoleon’s buttons and flatwear, Lomasney says. But in the late 1800’s, inventor Charles Martin Hall created a way to inexpensively make aluminum. He created a massive new industry and co-founded aluminum giant Alcoa. If Modumetal could gain a fraction of the traction that Alcoa has had it would be a major success. This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. 6 min read Enroll Now for Free This story originally appeared on Fortune Magazine August 26, 2015last_img read more